Sydney is the largest city in Australia with a population of
about 5 million. Captain Cook sailed into Botany Bay in 1770 and
the city was founded in 1778 with the establishment of a penal
colony. The city is centered around Port Jackson and Botany Bay in
the state of New South Wales. The Blue Mountains are to the west
and Royal National Park is south of the city.
Sydney is located in the Southern Hemisphere, so its seasons are
reversed as compared to Europe or North America. Temperatures in
the winter months of May to September average highs of about 19 C (67 F)
and lows of 10 C (50 F), while the summer months around December average
27 C (80 F) for highs and 18 C (65 F) for lows. Summer months can
experience periods of very hot weather and high humidity. Rainfall is spread
evenly throughout the year, but the months of January to June do see
slightly higher amounts of precipitation. December is a popular
month to visit and spend Christmas at the beach.
South of the Opera House is Government
House and then the extensive Royal Botanic
Gardens & Domain Trust is found. In the Botanic Gardens
on the small peninsula bordering Farm Cove you will find Lady
Macquarie's Chair, which provides excellent views over the city.
Sydney Harbour Bridge, (c) Can Stock Photo Inc. / mroz
Things to see and do near Sydney:
- the suburb of Manly is a about a half hour from downtown
Sydney. It is a popular beach and community with many restaurants and shops along the waterfront. Manly
Beach is on the open
ocean, outside the bays that shelter Sydney. You will find Manly
Sealife Sanctuary in a nearby cove. There is regular ferry
service between Manly and Circular Quay in Sydney. Walk between
Manly Beach and the ferry landing at manly wharf on the Corso.
Beach - an excellent beach an hour north of Sydney.
Caves - another hour west of Katoomba takes you to the best cave
site in Australia.
Travel the continent on Rail
Australia. Take the Great Southern Railway's India
Pacific to Adelaide and then catch the famous Ghan
for a trip across Australia from south (Adelaide) to north (Darwin) with a
stop in Alice Springs for a visit to Uluru