Salzburg is a city of under 200,000 people, located in the Austrian Alps, near Munich, Germany.
The translation of its name is "salt town" related to the numerous
salt mines in the area that shipped through the town in the past. The Old Town is a UNESCO World Heritage site. Austrian German
and the Austro-Bavarian dialect are widely spoken in this area.
Salzburg's claim to fame according to its residents is that this is the birthplace of Mozart.
Its claim to fame with tourists, however, is that it was the
filming location for the Sound of Music.
May to September are the best months to visit Salzburg for
comfortable temperatures, but these months are also the highest for
rainfall and drizzly weather in the Alps. Expect average highs from May -
September of 70 F (22 C) and lows of 50 F (10 C). The Alpine setting means that visiting in the winter will best be associated with
skiing and Salzburg airport is the gateway to the Austrian Alps.
Average highs for December - February are just above freezing, while
average lows are a few degrees below freezing.
The Austrian Rail
System (OBB) offers many ticket options for rail transport to Salzburg
and rail is the easiest way to visit the city. In addition
to participating in Eurail passes, Austria also has an Einfach-Raus ticket
that offers single day rates for small groups, similar to the Bayern
Ticket in Germany. Many river cruises arrange day trips to Salzburg
for their passengers. The No
2 trolley connects the downtown railway station (Sazlburg Hbf) to the
Salzburg airport. The Old and New Towns are located quite close
together and each make good walking tours. Buses are an excellent
option to Hellbrunn Palace and for a day trip to
Hohensalzburg Castle (Festung Hohensalzburg, Salzburg Fortress)
- one of the largest castles in Europe, with views over Salzburg. Take the funicular
(Festungsbahn) railway which runs from the downtown every 10
minutes, past the Nonnberg Nunnery to the Castle.
Salzburg Cathedral (Salzburger
Dom, Domkirche St. Rupert)
on the Cathedral Square (Domplatz) with the adjoining Residenz
Palace. The palace was the former Prince-Archbishop's
residence and it contains the Residenzgalerie.
Listen to the
(Stiftskirche St. Peter) with St. Peter's Cemetery. Margaret Chapel is a small gothic building in St. Peter's Cemetery.
The Catacombs are located in the cliffs behind the cemetery. Dine
within the Abbey walls at the oldest restaurant in Europe, Stiftskeller St.
Peter, while listening to the music of Mozart.
The Salzburg Festival
(Grosses Festspielhaus) during the months of July and August each year,
the Salzburg Easter Festival (Pfingstfestspiele) and other concerts
at the Salzburg Festival House.
Tunnel (Neutor) - built in the 1760s to connect the Old Town to
outer city districts, including Leopoldskron. The Horse Wash (Pferdeschwemme),
a pond formerly used for watering and washing horses, is located at the
Old Town end of the tunnel.
Sphaera, a sculpture, by Stephan Balkenhol, of a man on a golden sphere
in the Kapitelplatz beside the Salzburg Cathedral.
Museum and beside it is the Mozartplatz and Statue (Mozart Square).
Hellbrunn Palace (Schloss Hellbrunn) and its Trick
- get drenched by a cherub in this water park that surprises seated
Tour the film locations for the Sound of Music, such as
the Salzburg Cathedral,
Mirabell Palace and Gardens, Nonnberg Nunnery, Schloss Leopoldskron, Marionette
Theatre, the Hohensalzburg Fortress and the Hellbrunner Allee (Lane) on
route to Hellbrunn Castle. The tour takes about 4 hours.
Red Bull Hangar-7 - a collection of airplanes, helicopters and Formula One racing cars.
The Ice Caves
of Eisriesenwelt at Werfen, less than an hour south of Salzburg.
Access is by cable car. There are over 30,000 sq metres and 42
kilometers of passages. It may be warm outside but it's very cold
in the caves. Also located here is Hohen
Several options for viewing salt mines in Salzkammergut (literally
'good salt chamber'), including Saltmine
Berchtesgaden, Salt Mines of Hallein, Salt Mines at Hallstatt
Mines at Altaussee. The Saltmine Berchtesgaden is frequently
incorporated into day trips through the Austrian Alps and
lake country. It includes a salt raft ride and a train ride around
the lake. The Hallstatt Salt Mine is not getting great reviews,
but the town is like a postcard. The Hallein Salt Mine rates much better than
Hallstatt and has a miner's slide, a salt lake boat ride and a Celtic
Try Mozart-Kugeln (a Mozart ball) - Pistachio
and marzipan coated in milk chocolate. This was created in 1890
in honor of Mozart.
Typical Austrian foods such as Sachertorte (apricot & chocolate
cake), Apfelstudel (Apple), Baumkuchen (layer cake), pretzels,
Wiener Schnitzel (veal, not hotdog), Salzburger Nockerln (high calorie
pastry) and Marillenknoedel (apricot dumpling).
Combine the Austrian emphasis on pastry desserts with
a cup of coffee at
Afro Cafe, the terrace at the Hotel Stein, the "Rosthaus und Cafe 220 Grad" or the Republic.
For a classic coffeehouse try Cafe Bazar, Cae Wernbacher or Cafe Fingerlos.
Have some German Beer at Augustiner Braustubl or
Have a meal at Restaurant Goldener Hirsch, in the Hotel Goldener Hirsch.
Take That Vacation Recommendation:
Hotel Salzburg City Centre. This hotel has the perfect
location on the square facing the Salzburg train station and the main
bus depot. The rooms are quiet, comfortable and reasonably
priced. There is an international client base and customer
service staff speak multiple languages.