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Cavtat, Croatia
Cavtat, Croatia

Croatia is located on the Adriatic Sea opposite Italy.  It has a population in excess of 4 million.  The country extends in a narrow band along the sea with a segment of greater size extending inland in the northern part of the country.  Zagreb, in the inland section,  is the largest city and capital.  Due to the country's unusual shape, it shares an extensive border with Bosnia and Herzegovina.  It also shares borders with Slovenia, Hungary, Serbia and Montenegro.  The Croats settled the region in  the 7th century.  In the early 1900s Croatia (Catholic), Serbia (Eastern Orthodox), Bosnia (Muslim) and Slovenia were united to form Yugoslavia.  In the 1990s Croatia became independent after many years of civil war and border disputes with neighboring countries such as Bosnia and Herzegovina.  With political stability and the popularity of ocean cruising, Dubrovnik, Split and Plitvice Lakes have become popular tourist destinations.


A tourist visa is not required for most nationalities provided that you are staying less than 3 months.  Although not a member of the European Schengen Zone, Croatia nonetheless applies the European Union’s Common Visa Policy, which effectively makes it a member with respect to visa requirements.  More than 40 countries outside the Schengen Zone do not require a visa.  Exemptions include citizens of Australia, Canada, Mexico, Japan, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States.  Check your specific country at VisaHQ.   For a list of exempt countries, visit Project Visa.


Although it is a member of the European Union, Croatia has maintained the kuna as its currency.


Croatia experiences two distinct climatic zones as a result of its geography.  Along the Adriatic Sea, the summers are warm and dry while the winters are mild.  In the interior section, a contintental climate creates hot summers and cold winters.

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