Croatia is located on the Adriatic Sea opposite
Italy. It has a population in excess of 4 million. The country
extends in a narrow band along the sea with a segment of greater size
extending inland in the northern part of the country. Zagreb, in the
inland section, is the largest city and capital. Due to the
country's unusual shape, it shares an extensive border with Bosnia and
Herzegovina. It also shares borders with Slovenia, Hungary, Serbia
and Montenegro. The Croats settled the region in the 7th
century. In the early 1900s Croatia (Catholic), Serbia (Eastern
Orthodox), Bosnia (Muslim) and Slovenia were united
to form Yugoslavia. In the 1990s Croatia became independent after many
years of civil war and border disputes with neighboring countries such as
Bosnia and Herzegovina. With political stability and the popularity
of ocean cruising, Dubrovnik, Split and
Plitvice Lakes have
become popular tourist destinations.
A tourist visa is not required for most nationalities provided that you
are staying less than 3 months. Although not a member of the
European Schengen Zone, Croatia
nonetheless applies the European Union’s Common Visa Policy, which
effectively makes it a member with respect to visa requirements. More
than 40 countries outside the Schengen Zone do not require a visa.
Exemptions include citizens of Australia,
Canada, Mexico, Japan, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United
States. Check your specific country at VisaHQ.
For a list of exempt countries, visit Project
Although it is a member of the European Union, Croatia has
maintained the kuna as its currency.
Croatia experiences two distinct climatic zones as a result of its
geography. Along the Adriatic Sea, the summers are warm and dry
while the winters are mild. In the interior section, a contintental
climate creates hot summers and cold winters.