The Czech Republic came into existence with the
dissolution of Czechoslovakia in 1993. It is bordered by Germany,
Austria, Slovakia and Poland. The country has a population of
approximately 10 million and its capital is Prague. The official
language is Czech. Although this region traditionally aligned itself
with Western Europe, domination by the Nazis eventually led to the country
being absorbed into the post World War II communist block.
Revolutions in 1989 reversed this trend and Prague is now one of the most
popular tourist destinations in Europe.
The Czech Republic participates in the Schengen
Zone and Schengen Visa requirements. That means there
are no border controls between members and no border inspections by
rail or vehicle when traveling from the Czech Republic to Germany, Poland, Slovakia or
Austria. Some countries that are not
members of the Schengen Zone require a Schengen Visa to enter Europe. More
than 40 countries outside the Schengen Zone do not require a visa.
Exemptions include citizens of Australia,
Canada, Mexico, Japan, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United
States. Check your specific country at VisaHQ.
For a list of exempt countries, visit Project
Despite joining the European Union and the Schengen
Zone, the Czech Republic has opted not to participate in using the Euro as
their currency. Be prepared to obtain Czech korunas at an ATM or use a credit card, as these are widely accepted.
The Czech Republic has a continental climate with warm summers and cold,
snowy winters. Expect average summer highs from June to September of
around 22 C (70 F) and average lows of about 10 C (50 F).
Average highs in winter are barely above freezing, while lows average
about -4 C (25 F). Snowfall is heaviest from December to
February. Spring or fall have less rainfall while still
retaining mild temperatures.