is the capital of Denmark and its largest city, with an urban population in
excess of one million. Its name translates to "merchant's
habor". The city was founded in 1167 at the current
site of Christiansborg Palace. It has seen many struggles to retain
its pre-dominance over access between the Atlantic and the Baltic
Sea. Copenhagen is a major port on ocean liner cruises to Scandinavia. Cruise ships take the pastoral German Kiel Canal
between Copenhagen and the North Atlantic.
June to September are the best months to visit Copenhagen for
weather. Temperatures are cool at best. They average around 68 F (20 C) for highs and 50 F (10 C) for lows during the summer
transportation is available from the cruise ship docks to the home of Hans
Christian Anderson, the Tivoli Gardens and the Stoget pedestrian shopping
area. Copenhagen Kastrup Airport (CPH) is the hub for Scandanavian
Airlines. It's located about 15 minutes by train from Central
Station in the city center and the Old Town.
Most of the attractions in Copenhagen are located close
together in the old town site and are easily accessible on foot or by the
modern subway system.
- this amusement park was an inspiration for Walt Disney to build Disneyland.
Grøften is located here and is one of the most famous restaurants in
Copenhagen. City Hall Square is located at the entrance
to the Tivoli. The square has room for 50,000
people. On the opposite side of the square is the Stroget.
is the longest pedestrian-only shopping street in Europe. It continues all the
way to Kongens Nytorv Square and the beginning of Nyhavn.
Nyhavn - the 17th century brightly painted row
houses of "New Harbour" aren't so new any more. This area of waterfront, built by King Christian V, stretches from Kongens Nytorv
Square to the Royal Playhouse. Hans Christian Andersen wrote fairy tales
in house #20. Take a one hour canal cruise from Nyhavn,
such as Stromma's Grand
Tour from Nyhavn.
Amalienborg Royal Palace - the winter residence of the
Danish royal family. See the changing of the guard. Visit
Museum. See the Lutheran Marble
Church also known as the Danish National Church and the Church of
Denmark. Stroll the Amalie Garden on the Waterfront too.
Kastellet - The Copenhagen Fortress constructed in
the early 1600s as a pentagon shaped rampart. Just outside the
ramparts to the south is the Gefion Fountain. It
is the largest monument in
Copenhagen. Gefion turns her four sons to oxen and uses them to
plough and create the island Copenhagen is now on. Beside the
Gefion Fountain is St. Albans
Church and the Museum
of Danish Resistance. The Little Mermaid is located
at the northeast corner of the rampart at the water's
edge. This is a surprisingly small statue with a large following
of spectators. On the Kastellet grounds outside the western rampart, you
will find the Swedish Gustaf Church.
Christianshavn - 17th and 18 century buildings and
canals filled with sail boats. It includes Christiania - a self
managed community and spin off of the hippie era. The Church of Our
Savior with its spiral staircase steeple is the centerpiece of
(Church of Our Lady) also known as the National Cathedral of
Denmark. A memorial in front of this Lutheran church
commemorates the break of Denmark from the Catholic Church.
Inside the church are life-size sculptures of the 12 apostles and
Christ, created by Bertel Thorvaldsen. Also at this location is Gammeltorv,
the oldest square in Copenhagen. The Fountain of Charity in the
square is the oldest fountain in the city. Visit Denmark's
greatest museum, the
Museum here as well.
Library and its Black Diamond wing. The Old Stock Exchange
The Royal Theatre
administers the Royal Danish Playhouse and the Copenhagen Opera House
The Round Tower - built by King Christian IV in 1642,
it provides views of the city and an observatory. It is built
beside Trinity Church.
Saint Nikolaj Church - now housing the Copenhagen Contemporary Art Center.
This former church appears frequently in pictures of Copenhagen due to
its proximity to the canal at the Gammel Strand and to Christiansborg
Castle on the opposite bank.
Vesterbro - an area transformed to boutiques, design
studios, cafes and bars.
Dyrehaven - "The Deer Park", north of town but easily
accessible on the S Train. The 400 year old Bakken Amusement
Park is located here providing a stark contrast to the pastoral
views of deer in the fields of the former hunting grounds of Danish royalty.