Egypt is located in the extreme northeast corner of Africa and is centered
along the Nile River. It is bordered by Libya to the west, Sudan to
the south, the Mediterranean Sea to the north and the Gaza strip and
Israel to the east. The Suez Canal joins Port Said on the
Mediterranean with the Red Sea. Egypt has a population approaching
100 million. Most people live in and around Cairo. The Nile
delta and Nile River banks also have high population densities. The
country has a 5,000 year history dating back to the times of the Egyptian
pharaohs. Today it exerts a strong and somewhat calming influence
over Arab nations. Since the civil occupation and political protests
of Tahrir Square in 2011, Egypt has been very unstable and tourism has
A visa for Egypt can be obtained at ports of entry or at the Cairo
International Airport. Check your specific country at VisaHQ.
For a list of exempt countries, visit Project
Visa. Travel to Egypt has been a risky situation in
recent years, so check for
travel advisories before making a commitment to travel. When the
country is open to tourism, it has been traditional for tourist buses to
travel in large groups that have spare buses and an armed escort.
This applies to cruise ships that disembark passengers from Alexandria or
Port Said to Cairo or to trips that leave Cairo for Luxor.