Return to Africa
Great Pyramid of Gizeh, Cairo
Great Pyramid of Gizeh

Egypt is located in the extreme northeast corner of Africa and is centered along the Nile River.  It is bordered by Libya to the west, Sudan to the south, the Mediterranean Sea to the north and the Gaza strip and Israel to the east.  The Suez Canal joins Port Said on the Mediterranean with the Red Sea.  Egypt has a population approaching 100 million.  Most people live in and around Cairo.  The Nile delta and Nile River banks also have high population densities.  The country has a 5,000 year history dating back to the times of the Egyptian pharaohs.  Today it exerts a strong and somewhat calming influence over Arab nations.  Since the civil occupation and political protests of Tahrir Square in 2011, Egypt has been very unstable and tourism has suffered greatly.


A visa for Egypt can be obtained at ports of entry or at the Cairo International Airport.  Check your specific country at VisaHQ.   For a list of exempt countries, visit Project Visa.  Travel to Egypt has been a risky situation in recent years, so check for travel advisories before making a commitment to travel.  When the country is open to tourism, it has been traditional for tourist buses to travel in large groups that have spare buses and an armed escort.  This applies to cruise ships that disembark passengers from Alexandria or Port Said to Cairo or to trips that leave Cairo for Luxor.  


The currency of Egypt is the Egyptian pound:

View Egypt map