Jordan is an anomoly in the Middle East. It's lack of any oil
reserves makes ii an extremely impoverished nation. It experiences
very little civil unreset and instead is a popular destinations for those
fleeing its war torn neighbors. The population has tripled in recent
years due to the influx of refugees. In 2015 tourism was down about
90% due to political unrest in the Middle East, even though Jordan is a
very safe destination. If you want to know what Arabia was like
before the discovery of oil, head to Jordan.
Jordan is officially known since 1946 as the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and is named after the River Jordan.
It is bordered by Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia and Israel. The Arabian Desert blankets the eastern half of Jordan and is nearly uninhabitable.
Jordan has access to the Red Sea via the city of Aqaba at the Gulf of Aqaba.
The population of the country is around 6 million and its capital is Amman.
Today the red and white checkered keffiyeh headgear worn by men is symbolic of
Jordan, although its origins are in Saudi Arabia.
In the past, Jordan has been controlled by a number of civilizations including the Pharaohs of Egypt, Babylonia, the
Nabataean Kingdom of Petra, the Hittites, the Greeks, the Persians and the Romans.
Jordan is now a constitutional monarchy. King Hussein was the well respected leader of Jordan until his death from cancer in 1999.
He strove for peace in the Middle East throughout his reign and maintained the respect of Arab countries.
His legacy is carried on by his American born wife, Queen Noor, and his eldest son Abdullah, who succeeded him.
A travel visa is required for most nationalities visiting Jordan. Visas
for Australia, New Zealand, the European Union, USA and Canada can be obtained
for a fee upon arrival at Amman International Airport or most border
crossings, except the border with Israel. In order to promote
tourism, the government waves the visa fee if you book a guided tour of
the country. During our 2015 visit, our tour company met us at the
plane and went through customs and immigration with us. Tourist visas are valid
for one entry, so a second visa is required for a side trip to
Palestine. Visas obtained upon entry are valid for a month, while
visas obtained in advance are valid for two months. Refer to an
embassy or VisaHQ
if a visa is required in advance. For a list of exempt countries, visit
Visa. A yellow fever certificate may be
required if entering from specific high risk countries.
The currency in Jordan is the Jordanian Dinar.
Jordan's climate is semi-arid with summer temperatures in the
30 C (80 F) range. Temperatures in the winter are around 10 C
Snowfall is possible in winter in Amman. Jordan's two big tourist attractions are the Dead Sea and
Petra, which is one of the New 7 Wonders of the World.