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MOROCCO

Return to Africa
Sahara Desert camel train, Merzouga, Morocco
Sahara Desert, Merzouga, Morocco

Morocco is officially the Kingdom of Morocco.  It is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament.  Morocco is located in northwestern Africa, with borders to Algeria in the east and Western Sahara to the south.  To the north, ferry traffic from Tangiers takes passengers across the Strait of Gibraltar to Spain.  The predominant languages spoken are Moroccan Arabic and Berber.  French is the unofficial second language to Arabic.  The largest and best known city is Casablanca, while the capital is Rabat.  The population is more than 35 million.

The earliest known occupation of Morocco was by the Berbers around 110BC.  It was subsequently ruled by the Romans, the Vandals and Umayyad Muslims.  Many Muslims and Jews fled to Morocco after Islamic rule in Spain came to an end.  In the early 20th century Spain and France divided up rule of Morocco.  In 1955 Mohammed V was allowed to return from exile and in 1956 Morocco gained independence.  Today most Moroccan cities have a Medina (old town), a Kasbah (old fort), a souk (market) and hammams (bath houses).

Entry Requirements:

Most countries do not require a visa for travel to Morocco.  Simply ensure your passport is valid for more than 6 months and has a couple blank pages on arrival.  A resident permit is required for a stay longer than 90 days.  Check your specific country at VisaHQ.   For a list of exempt countries, visit Project Visa.

Currency:

The Moroccan dirham (MAD) is the official currency of Morocco.

Air:

The major points of entry to Morocco by air are Tangier, Agadir and Casablanca.  Casablanca has the majority of international travel, while Tangier and the beach resort area of Agadir receive most of their air traffic from Spain and France.

Rail:

Rail transportation via ONCF in Morocco is afforable and readily available between Marrakech, Casablanca, Fez and Tangier, but you can't buy tickets until you arrive in the country.  There is a rapid train, TNR, between Casablanca and Rabat.  There is hourly service between Casabanca and the Mohammed V Airport.  The train system includes its subsidiary, Supratours, which has numerous bus connections, such as Marrakech to Agadir.

Best Time to Visit Morocco:

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 Casablanca

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 Marrakech

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 Tangier

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View Morocco map