Nepal is officially known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
and it has a population of about 30 million. The country is set on
the southern slopes of the Himilayas. It has a rectangular shape
with Tibet (China) forming its northern border while India encloses the
other three sides. Nepal has been inhabited for several thousand
years. The Kingdom of Nepal administered the country from the 1700s
up until it became a republic in 2008. Although most of the
population practices Hinduism, Nepal is best known for being the
birthplace of Buddhism.
Geographically the Himilayas determine the landscape of Nepal.
Many of the highest peaks in the world are located here, inlcuding Mount
Everest, the world's highest. The country runs east/west paralleling
the mountains. Most of the country is steep and rolling hills.
It transitions to grasslands at its southern border with
India. Nepal experiences extreme variations in temperature
from tropical to arctic depending on elevation. The monsoon
season in India impacts the weather significantly. From June through
September winds push clouds up against the Himilayas, creating heavy
A tourist visa is issued on arrival to Nepal for
most nationalities. India is exempt from the requirement. There are currently 11 African and Middle
Eastern countries that must
obtain a visa prior to arrival. Consult the Nepal
Department of Immigration web site or check your specific country at VisaHQ.
For a list of exempt countries, visit Project
The Nepalese rupee is the official currency of Nepal.