Moscow (Moskva in Romanized form or Москва in Russian) is the capital and largest city in the Russian Federation, with a population of more than 11 million.
It’s the second largest city in Europe and the 6th largest in the world.
Luckily for tourists, most of the attractions are all located close together around the Kremlin, Red Square and the Cathedral of St Basil.
Moscow is located on the Moscow River, which supports a major river cruising industry.
Ocean cruises only get as close as St Peterburg, so it is necessary for those passengers to fly to Moscow if they wish to visit.
Moscow is humid year round. June through August are the best months for temperatures, but these are also the months of heavier rainfall and the busiest for tourism.
Expect average summer highs of 73 F (23 C) and average lows of
54 F (12 C). The coldest winter months are December -
February when average highs are 25 F (-4 C) and average lows are
about 16 F (-9 C).
Sheremetyevo International Airport (SVO) is the
international access point to Moscow. It can be accessed on the Aeroexpress
train from Belorusskaya Railway Terminal. Domodedovo International Airport (DME)
is also very busy, but now concentrates more heavily on domestic
flights. Moscow has a series of rail lines and terminals connecting
to the city center. The Moscow
Metro is famous for its murals and decor. The city also has a
series of trams and buses. High speed train is a popular and
inexpensive option to connect to St Petersburg in just over 4 hours from
the Oktiabrskaia (Oktyabrskaya) Station. The Trans Siberian Railway takes travelers from Moscow across
the continent to Vladivostok on the Pacific. Language can be a
challenge for English speaking visitors. With Russian (Москва),
romanization of Russian (Moskva) and English variations (Moscow), it can
be tricky to determine destinations.
Red Square, the Cathedral of St. Basil and the Kremlin.
Allow at least a full day for these sites that are all located
together. Red Square and the Cathedral of St Basil are situated
immediately outside the walls of the Kremlin. The Cathedral of
St Basil is the most photographed view in Russia. Lenin’s Tomb
is located in Red Square. Inside the walls of the Kremlin are
numerous buildings and cathedrals. Here you will find the Great
Palace, the Cathedral of the Assumption, the Cathedral of the
Annunciation, the Cathedral of St. Michael the Archangel, the Ivan the Great Bell Tower,
the Church of the Deposition of the Robe, the State Armory and the Tsar Bell and Cannon.
Along the wall, on the outside of the Kremlin, you will find the
Tomb of the Unknown Soldier and the Eternal Flame.
Gum and Tsum shopping malls – located on Red Square (Gum)
facing the Kremlin and nearby (Tsum).
The Moscow Metro – enjoy murals, statues, mosaics and chandeliers.
The metro is a destination in and of itself. Try Mayakovskaya Station for a starter.