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Mount Fitz Roy, Laguna de los Tres, El Chalten, Patagonia

El Chalten, Patagonia, Argentina (c) Can Stock Photo Inc. / javarman

A settlement between Portugal and Spain in the late 1400s resulted in the eastern half of South America, namely Brazil, becoming Portuguese while the western half of the continent is Spanish speaking.  Highlights of Brazil include the Amazon, Iguacu Falls and Rio de Janeiro.  The Spanish countries range from just north of the equator to the very southern tip of South America.  Ecuador is on the equator and is named for it.  The city of Quito in Ecuador is the gateway to flights to the Galapagos.  Cusco in Peru is the access point to the famous Inca ruins of Machu Picchu.  Buenos Aires in Argentina is a very cosmopolitan typically European city.  The steppe region of Patagonia along the Andes in Argentina and Chile provides excellent alpine hiking and glacier views.  Highlights of Patagonia are El Chalten, Torres del Paine and the Perito Moreno Glacier.  The City at the End of the World, Ushuaia, is the southern most city on the continent and is the embarkation point for excursions to Antarctica.

Electrical Adapters

Near the equator countries use the North American Type A/B plug.  Farther south the Europlug Type C is commonly used.  Brazil can be a challenge as the unusual Type N adapter may be required in some locations.  Brazil also presents a challenge in the inconsistency of voltage it uses.  In Argentina there has been a trend in some newer buildings to install the Type I plug instead of the Europlug.  The Falkland Islands retain their strong affiliation with Britain with the use of the UK Type G plug.

View South America map