South Korea is often referred to simply as Korea and
has a population of more than 50 million. It is on the Korea
peninsula and is bordered only by North Korea. This area has a
history dating back 4,000 years. Seoul is the capital and largest
city. North and South Korean became separate countries in 1948, with
the Soviets and China backing North Korea while the United States backed
South Korea. The Korean War was fought in the early 1950s and there
is a demilitarized zone between the countries that still prevents the flow
of people and ideas. Since the 1960s South Korea has constantly and
significantly expanded its economy and its standard of living.
Although surrounded by the Sea of Japan and the South
China Sea, Korea experiences a very warm summer. Expect average
highs around 85 F (28 C). In the winter months from December to
February, average highs are a few degrees above freezing and night time
lows are below freezing. Korea experiences the East Asia monsoon season in
June and July. The winter months are relatively dry. Spring or
fall are likely the best times to visit Korea if weather is a deciding
Most visitors are exempt from a visa requirement for
travel under 90 days. More information can be found at Imagine
Your Korea or check your specific country at VisaHQ.
For a list of exempt countries, visit Project Visa.