From the 700s
to 1400s AD Spain was dominated by the Muslim Moors. Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon
are the two most prominent figures in the history of Imperial Spain and
their investment in the voyages of Christopher Colombus solidified Spanish
power around the world. In 1494 Spain split the New World with
Portugal, resulting in Brazil becoming Portuguese, while the rest of South
America and Central America are Spanish speaking. From the 1500s to
the 1700s, the Hapsburgs ruled Spain and gave the country a distinctive
Austrian flare. The population of Spain is near 50 million. Madrid
is the capial and largest city. The most popular destination in Spain in 2017 was the Sagrada Familia in Barcelona, while the Alhambra in Granada dropped to the second most popular destination for visitors.
View a map of Spain.
Spain participates in the Schengen
Zone and Schengen Visa requirements. That means there
are no border controls between members and no border inspections by
rail or vehicle when traveling from Spain to Portugal or France. Some countries that are not
members of the Schengen Zone require a Schengen Visa to enter Europe. More
than 40 countries outside the Schengen Zone do not require a visa.
Exemptions include citizens of Australia,
Canada, Mexico, Japan, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United
States. Check your specific country at VisaHQ.
For a list of exempt countries, visit Project Visa.
Spain uses the Euro as its currency.
The climate of Spain is influenced by location. Along the Mediterranean, summers are warm and dry.
In the north, the
Atlantic produces cooler temperatures and the absense of a dry season.
Summer is the preferred season for international tourists, but spring and
fall offer better temperatures. Some Europeans choose to visit
during the height of winter and escape the cold of the rest of the