Early explorers such as Sir Francis Drake (known better as a pirate to the
Spanish), Captain George Vancouver and Captain James Cook sailed the
oceans of the world in order to expand British interests. Admiral
Horatio Nelson defeated Napoleon's forces in 1805. The British
Empire reached its peak in the early 1900s. Winston Churchill was
well known for leading the country in its resistance to heavy bombing by
Nazi German in the 1940s and rallied support from other nations to end
Hitler's reign of terror. Today the United Kingdom is a progressive
Many countries are exempt from travel visa requirements to the United
Kingdom. Members of the European Economic Area are exempt.
That covers the European Union, plus
Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein. Switzerland has a standing
exemption as to more than 40 other countries, including the US, Canada,
Mexico, Australia and New Zealand. For a list of countries that
require a travel visa, visit the UK
government web site or check your specific country at VisaHQ.
For a list of exempt countries, visit Project
Visa. Those citizens who do require a visa can complete the application and pay
the fee online at the
UK's web site.
Although the United Kingdom is a member of the European Union, it does not
participate in the use of the Euro. The official currency is the
British pound sterling (GBP). Visitors will find a strong reluctance to
accept any other currency.
The climate of the UK is moderated by the Atlantic Ocean, which makes
snowfall relatively rare in winter. Rainfall is quite common
throughout the year, giving the British Isles the deserved reputation of
being cool, cloudy and damp.
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